22.214.171.124 distinguish between generations of programming languages
Generations of programming language
Programming languages have been developed over the year in a phased manner. Each phase of developed has made the programming language more user-friendly, easier to use and more powerful. Each phase of improved made in the development of the programming languages can be referred to as a generation. The programming language in terms of their performance reliability and robustness can be grouped into five different generations:
1. First Generation Language (Machine language)
The first generation programming language is also called low-level programming language because they were used to program the computer system at a very low level of abstraction. i.e. at the machine level. The machine language also referred to as the native language of the computer system is the first generation programming language. In the machine language, a programmer only deals with a binary number.
Advantages of first generation language
2. Second Generation language (Assembly Language)
The second generation programming language also belongs to the category of low-level- programming language. The second generation language comprises assembly languages that use the concept of mnemonics for the writing program. In the assembly language, symbolic names are used to represent the opcode and the operand part of the instruction.
Advantages of second generation language
3. Third Generation languages (High-Level Languages)
Advantages of third generation programming language
Examples: C, C++, C#, Java, BASIC, Pascal, Fortran, ALGOL, COBOL
4. Fourth generation language (Very High-level Languages)
The languages of this generation were considered as very high-level programming languages required a lot of time and effort that affected the productivity of a programmer. The fourth generation programming languages were designed and developed to reduce the time, cost and effort needed to develop different types of software applications.
Advantages of fourth generation languages
Examples: SQL, CSS, coldfusion
5. Fifth generation language (Artificial Intelligence Language)
The programming languages of this generation mainly focus on constraint programming. The major fields in which the fifth generation programming language are employed are Artificial Intelligence and Artificial Neural Networks
Advantages of fifth generation languages
Examples: mercury, prolog, OPS5
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