18.104.22.168 describe spheres where artificial intelligence is applied: industry, education, medicine, gaming industry, society
Artificial intelligence (or AI) is the ability of a computer to perform tasks such as reasoning and learning that human intelligence is capable of doing.
By the end of this video, you will understand:
00:00 What is Artificial Intelligence?
01:52 Examples of Artificial Intelligence
03:13 Difference between Artificial intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning
03:46 Future of Artificial Intelligence
Characteristics of artificial intelligence system
ability to seem intelligent
power to copy intelligent human behavior
capacity to learn
decision making ability
adaptation to circumstanses
well defined goals
problem solving skills
Types of AI
Weak Artificial Intelligence (AI), or Narrow AI, is a machine intelligence that is limited to a specific or narrow area. Weak Artificial Intelligence (AI) simulates human cognition and benefits mankind by automating time-consuming tasks and by analyzing data in ways that humans sometimes can't.
Examples include Facebook’s news feed, Amazon’s suggested purchases and Apple’s Siri, the iPhone technology that answers users’ spoken questions. Email spam filters are another example of Weak AI where a computer uses an algorithm to learn which messages are likely to be spam, then redirects them from the inbox to the spam folder.
Strong Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a theoretical form of machine intelligence that is equal to human intelligence. Key characteristics of Strong AI include the ability to reason, solve puzzles, make judgments, plan, learn, and communicate. It should also have consciousness, objective thoughts, self-awareness, sentience, and sapience. Strong AI is also called True Intelligence or Artificial General Intelligence (AGI).
For example, a machine might hear “good morning” and start to associate that with the coffee maker turning on. If the computer has the ability, it theoretically could hear “good morning” and decide to turn on the coffee maker.
Differences between strong and weak AI
With strong AI, machines can actually think and carry out tasks on their own, just like humans do. With weak AI, the machines cannot do this on their own and rely heavily on human interference.
Strong AI has a complex algorithm that helps it act in different situations, while all the actions in weak AIs are pre-programmed by a human.
Strong AI-powered machines have a mind of their own. They can process and make independent decisions, while weak AI-based machines can only simulate human behavior.
Pros vs Cons
Doesn't get tired & wear out easily
Incurrs high cost
Rational decision maker
Leads to unemploynment
Applications in medical industry
No improvement with experience
Accurate decision making
Lacks in creativity
Selfless with no breaks
AI consists of many sub-fields, using a variety of techniques, such as:
Neural Networks – e.g. brain modeling, time series prediction, classification
Evolutionary Computation – e.g. genetic algorithms, genetic programming
Vision – e.g. object recognition, image understanding
Robotics – e.g. intelligent control, autonomous exploration
Expert Systems – e.g. decision support systems, teaching systems
Speech Processing– e.g. speech recognition and production
Natural Language Processing – e.g. machine translation
Planning – e.g. scheduling, game playing
Machine Learning – e.g. decision tree learning, version space learning